Macular Hole Surgery

Macular holes mostly occur spontaneously but can be associated with trauma or other eye diseases. The most common treatment for a macular hole is known as vitrectomy, a procedure in which the ophthalmologist removes the vitreous fluid in the eye in order to prevent it from pulling on the retina. Once the vitreous fluid has been removed, a specially formulated mixture of air and gas is placed into the eye, which puts pressure on the edges of the macular hole, forcing it to heal over time.